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What Is DV?

Recent global prevalence figures indicate that 35% of women worldwide have experienced either intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime

 

Domestic violence

Domestic violence is a pattern of behavior in a relationship that is used to gain or maintain power and control over an intimate partner. It occurs when one person attempts to physically or psychologically dominate another person.

 

Domestic violence is a human rights violation:
  • The right to life
  • The right to feel safe and be safe
  • The right to freedom that all people in the world are entitled to have
  • The highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
  • The right to decent work
  • The right to safe housing
  • Freedom of expression and the right to hold opinions without interference
  • The right to access to social, health and legal services
  • A child or young person’s right to leisure and play
  • The right to education
  • The right to be free from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

 

There are several forms of abuse and they can occur separately or combined:
  • Physical abuse
  • Emotional/psychological abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Financial abuse
 
Physical Abuse
Assault and physical attacks involve a range of behaviour:
  • hitting, punching, kicking, pushing, slapping, strangling, smothering, hair-pulling, shoving
  • using or threatening to use weapons
  • interrupting victim’s sleep
  • throwing things, destroying property
  • hurting or killing pets
  • denying medical treatment
It can range from a lack of consideration for victim’s physical comfort to causing permanent injury or death.
 
Emotional Abuse

This type of abuse can be verbal or nonverbal. The abuser aims to chip away at the confidence and independence of victims with the intention of making her compliant and limiting her ability to leave. It is a very effective tactic used by abusive partners to obtain power and control and it can cause extreme damage to the victim’s self-esteem. Commonly, emotional abuse makes the victim feel like they are responsible for the abuse and to feel crazy, worthless and hopeless. Emotional/psychological abuse includes:

 

  • solation, intimidation, threats of violence and controlling behaviour
  • yelling, name-calling, blaming and shaming
  • constant put downs or criticisms, acting superior,
  • threatening and making victims feel fearful, excessive jealously, accusing victim of having affairs
  • minimizing the abuse or blaming the victim for their own behaviour
 
Sexual Abuse
Coercing or attempting to coerce any sexual contact or behaviour without consent. Sexual abuse includes, but is certainly not limited to:
  • marital rape, physically forcing sex, forcing sex after physical violence has occurred
  • attacks on sexual parts of the body, 
  • treating one in a sexually demeaning manner
  • forcing sex with other partners, forcing to participate in demeaning or degrading sexual acts, violence or name calling during sex
  • denying contraception or protection from sexually transmitted diseases
  • forcing to perform sexual acts that cause pain or humiliation, causing injury to her sexual organs

 
Financial/Economic Abuse

This form of abuse is one of the least commonly known but likely the most powerful tactic of entrapping a victim in the abusive relationship.

It is defined as making or attempting to make an individual financially dependent on the abuser. Some forms of financial abuse include:

 

  • maintaining total control over financial resources, withholding one's access to money
  • giving allowance, not letting the victim have their own money
  • hiding family assets, running up debt
  • forbidding one's attendance at school or employment

 

The Power and Control Wheel and the Equality Wheel – developed by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project in Duluth Minnesota. One is about power and destructive relationships. The other is about equality and respect.